Their dwellings are both earthen houses and mixed (half earthen, half on stilts). The Dao believe that in all creatures are souls called hon or vân when a living creature dies.
Name: Dao (Thanh Y, Thanh Phán)
Region: Living in the highlands
Customs and habits: Their dwellings are either earthen houses or mixed (half earthen, half on stilts). The Dao believe that in all creatures there are souls called hon or vân. When a living creature dies, its soul isolates from the body and becomes a phantom. They believe the world is occupied by these wandering souls, and practice the cult of ancestors to honour them.
Culture: The popular literature and arts of ethnic groups are also very distinct. There are a lot of distinctive legends, poems and songs, with themes ranging from nature to familial and social relationships which is expressed by "Two Sisters" "Catching Sprite" stories. Rich and impressive dances consist the Dance of the Bells and Drum Dance; musical instruments: Drum, Gong, Bell.
Traditional clothing: Clothes are long robes, trousers, large belts, turbans and leggings. They are usually black or deep blue.
Economy: Their means of survival is necessary agriculture. At present, some households have turned to forestry, wet rice growing or domestic animal breeding.
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