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The Overview Of Se Dang Ethnic Group

The Sedang were inhabitants around the area of Truong Son in a long time – Tay Nguyen central highlands lies in Quang Nam, Quang Ngai provinces.

Proper name: Xo Teng (Hdang, Xdang, Hdra), Mnam, Ca Dong, Ha Lang (Xlang), Tay Tri (Tay Tre), Chau.
Other names: Hdang, Kmrang, Con lan, Brila.
Population: 96,766 people
Local groups: Xo Teng, To Dra, Mnam, Ca Dong, Ha Lang, Tay Tri, Chau.

Language: Sedang language belongs to the Mon-Khmer language family (Austroasitatic language family). Their language is extremely the same as Hre, Bahnar and Gie-Trieng languages. There are some totally different vocabularies among groups. The Sedang use the Latin alphabet for his or her writing system

History: The Sedang were inhabitants around the area of Truong Son in a long time – Tay Nguyen central highlands lies in Quang Nam, Quang Ngai provinces

Economic activities: A faction of the Sedang practice wet-rice cultivation. Their cultivation technique isn't all that well-developed. They work the fields by herding water buffaloes into it, therefore the buffalo’s hooves work the soil. They use hoes, that are made of wood (steel ones are used now). The bulk of Sedang work on terraced fields, using an equivalent techniques and tools as different ethnic teams in the region. They utize the axe and machete to chop down trees, and then burn them. To plant seedlings, a hole within the ground is formed employing a pointed digging stick to an iron tip. To weed, the Sedang use very little hoes made of tree branches. At harvest, the Sedang pluck the ears of rice off with their hands. Besides rice, the Sedang conjointly plant millet, corn, cassava, pumpkin, tobacco, melon, pineapple, banana, sugar cane, etc. ancient cattle are water buffaloes, goats, pigs, dogs, and chickens. Fruit selecting, searching and fishing also are play a vital role in their economy. Among the Sedang, weaving seems in several regions. Hammerings is very developed at intervals the To Dra cluster. They acumen to rework one into iron for hammering. In some places, the Sedang are gold-washers. Bamboo is additionally developed to provide household furniture. Though barrier trade was commonly practiced, nowadays, the Sedang use cash for many of their transactions

Diet: The Sedang eat rice and sticky rice with chili salt and food hunted or gathered within the forest. Only when worshipping do the Sedang eat meat and poultry. Popular foods included soup cooked with vegetables or bamboo shoot mixed with fish and meat, snails, and grilled foods. The Sedang drink fresh water (many boiled water nowadays), and wine. There's a special wine made of millet that is way higher then from rice or cassava.

In some places, the Sedang have the custom of eating betel nut. Men and girls each smoke tobacco into powder and chew it rather than smoking it.

Clothing: Men wear loin cloths. Women wear skirts and blouses. When it's cold, they wrap themselves in blankets. In the ancient past, several of the Sedang wore garments made of bark. Today, Sedang men wear garments during a style the same as the Viet, and women wear shirts and skirts made of prepared created materials. Sedang ancient textiles are either white or lack, with only a small degree black, white or red decoration.

Lifestyle: The Sedang live in Kon Tum province, Tra My and Phuoc Son district of Quang Nam province, and Son Tay district of Quang Ngai province. the biggest population of Sedang is round the Ngoc Linh Mountain. They live in stilt homes. In the past, the Sedang households used to measure along during a longhouse, however currently there's a larger tendency to separate into tiny family units. The placement of homes differs among teams; in some groups, non-public houses are clustered around a communal house. Building techniques base on the utilization of columns, and fiber lashings hold the varied architectural components along. There are 2 rows of columns in every house.

Transportation: The Sedang use carrying baskets those vary in type and technique. Some are thickly woven, others are of skinny weave. Some baskets have lids, others do not; some are adorned. Men have their own three-compartment baskets (some within the style of a snail, others resembling bat wings) that they keep on the shoulder to move on the subject of everything

Social organization: Every village is self-ruled, with the eldest man as its leader. The village’s territory is communal, and each individual has the right to possess land. Despite the fact that there has long been a distinction between wealthy and poor, there has not been a follow for the previous exploiting the later. In the past, there was servitude, however servants weren't badly treated. A way of community is very regarded

Marriage: This tradition is a bit totally different in every region. However, it's a preferred Sedang custom that after the marriage, the couple rotates the residence each few years so they'll live with each set of oldsters. The couple can live permanently in one place solely once each sets of oldsters are deceased. In the we ding, the groom and bride chicken thighs, wine, and food that symbolize the association between the 2. Wedding isn't commercialized

Funerals: Everybody in the village involves supplying their condolences, and to assist with the funeral. The coffin is formed from unpolished wood. People are normally buried within the village cemetery. Sedang funeral customs aren’t fully analogous to those of different ethnic teams within the region: the ceremony to abandon the tomb, characteristic of the Bahnar and Giarai, doesn't exist everywhere. The custom of chia cua (conservation of property just like the clothing, personal objects, farming tools and household utensils, etc.) for the deceased is widespread.

Beliefs: The Sedang believe in supernatural powers. Gods and ghosts are referred to as Kiak (Kia), or “Ong”, “ba”, some places called them Yang. Vital gods are Lighting God, the Sun God, Mountain God, Rice God, and Water God. The water God is in the image of a serpent, or a giant eel, or a pig with a white nose. The Sedang Rice God is in the image of an unpleasant, recent however kind girl, who later becomes frog. There are several rituals offered to supernatural powers to wish for smart harvest, for peace, and to send away dangerous lack

Festivals: The most vital festivals are the rituals to the Water God on the yearly occasion of repairing water pipes. There are different rituals held at the start of every crop season, whereas seeding, in the middle of the crop season, when harvesting, when there's somebody sick, when building a replacement house, when youngsters are grown up, etc. There are several communal non secular festivals like the giving sacrifices to the Water God and therefore the buffalo sacrifice held by a family or a village. Ancient holidays happen at totally different times in several villages and families, however they typically occur in January and lasts for three to four days.

Calendar: There are ten months within the Sedang calendar linked to the agricultural cycle. There's a rest after the harvest to attend for a new crop. Every month has thirty days. Each day is split into specific moments and referred to totally different names. There are smart days and dangerous days. For instances, the last day of a month is good for planting corn; if the Sedang chop down bamboo at now, it's said that they can use it for an extended time and it won’t spoilt.

Artistic activities: The Sedang have several sorts of musical instruments (two-stringed Chinese violin, flute, pipe, drum, gong, horn, etc.). Some are for daily use; some are for competition use only. Instruments and melodies are totally different among teams. Popular forms of music are: decision and response or alternating verse of young couples, songs of grown-ups, lullabies. The Sedang perform dances in some festivals; there are specific dances foe men, women and both together. Sedang folktales are wealthy and distinctive.

Source: wil-travel

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