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The Overview Of The Ede Ethnic Group

The Ede have lived in the Tay Nguyen or high plateau area of central Vietnam for a long time. Traces of their origin are reflected in their epic poems, their architecture, and their popular arts. Until now, the Ede community still keeps a society imprinted with matrilineal traditions.

Proper name: Anak Ede
Other names: Anak, Ea De, Ra De (or Kha De), E De, Egar, De.
Population: 194, 710 people
Local groups: Kpa, adham, Krung, Mdur, Ktul, Dlie, Hrue, Bih, Blo, Kah, Kdrao, Dong Kay, Dong Mak, Ening, Arul, Hwing, Ktle, Epan…
Language: The Ede language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian group (Austronesia language family).

Production activities:  The Ede’s main food crop is rice, cultivated on swidden fields, once a period of time, once left fallow before being exploited anew (cleared and burned). Each period of exploitation of a field varied between five and eight years, based on the standard of the soil. Crop rotation and intercropping is practiced and there's only 1 wet rice harvest per year. Wet rice fields are found solely among the Bih close to Lac Lake.

The most varied animals and poultry raised on the family farm are pigs, buffaloes, and chickens, however they're largely used when there are ritual sacrifices to perform. The most widespread family handicrafts are the plaiting of household objects out of bamboo, the cultivation of cotton so as to weave cloths with the help of looms like those found in Indonesia. Pottery and blacksmithing aren't well-developed among the Ede. Barter was the most unfold selling marketing practice the former time.

Diet: The Ede eat rice cooked in clay pots or in large-sized metal pots. Ede food contains a spicy salt, game meat, bamboo shoots, vegetables and root crops abstained from searching and gathering activities. Ruou can, fermented alcohol consumed using a bamboo drinking tube or straw, is stored and served in massive earthen jars. Steamed sticky rice is reversed for ritual occasions. Men and women chew betel nut.

Clothing: Ladies wear an extended cloth wrapper or sarong that reaches to the toes; their torso could stay unclothed or they'll wear a brief pullover vest. Men wear the loin cloth and a vest of a similar vogue. After they are cold, men wears wrap themselves in blankets. Ede jewellery contains glass beaded necklaces, rings made from copper or nickel that are worn round the neck, wrists, and ankles. Men and ladies are alike have their teeth filed, blacken their teeth, and like distended earlobes. Head coverings embrace the turban and therefore the conical hat.

Housing: The Ede primarily live in Dac Lac province, the south of Gia Lai province, and the west of Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa provinces. The standard Ede home is a construction whose length is paying homage to the form of a ship that is cut lengthwise or across giving it a shape of a reversed trapezoid. The structure rests on 2 rows of columns and not on the bottom. The inside house is split into 2 elements along the length. The primary section is named Gah; it's each the reception space of the massive matrilineal relatives. the opposite half, ok, is split into several little rooms, every of that is reserved for some within the relatives.

Transportation: The plaited carrying basket with 2 shoulder straps remains the principal means for the Ede to hold their merchandise. In the Krong Buk area, the footed basket is that the most generally used, however not all that well-liked today.

Social organization: The Ede family is matrilineal: wedding is matrilocal, the kids carry the name of the mother’s family, and therefore the youngest daughter is that the inheritor. Ede society is regulated by customary laws based mostly on the matriarchal system. The community is split into 2 lineages so as to facilitate wedding exchanges. The village is named buon and constitutes a singular reasonably habitat. The inhabitants of the buon will belong to several branches of the 2 lineages, however there's conjointly a nuclear branch. the pinnacle of village is that the po pom ea or the master of the place of water. He directs, within the name of his wife, the affairs of the community.

Marriage: It's the ladies who take the initiative in matrimonial relations. She chooses the intermediary so as to raise for a young man in wedding, and once the couple marries, they live with the wife’s family. If one in every of the couple dies, the family of the deceased’s lineage should replace the spouse per the chue nue (continuing the line) custom so the surviving spouse isn't alone. It conjointly ensures that the thread of affection tied between the 2 lineages, Nie and Mlo, don't rupture-in conformity to the teachings of the ancestors.

Ede Ethnic Group

Funerals: The chue nue should be observed for every death. In the case of the death of maturity or illness, the funerals are organized at the house before the burial at the cemetery. within the past, if the individuals of 1 lineage died on dates regarding those of the death of a similar lineage, the deceased would be buried within the same grave. Think about the opposite world could be a reincarnation of the current world, the Ede share the deceased’s merchandise and get rid of them within the funerary structure. From the time that the funerary house is created, the celebration of the abandonment of the tomb takes place to place an finish to the cares to the soul of the deceased and to his tomb.

New house: The development of a replacement is of interest to the whole village. Villagers facilitate bringing material (wood, bamboo, straw) or facilitate with manual labor in an exceedingly system of exchanging labor (called H’rim Zit). The inauguration of the new house can happen when one has finished planting a row of trees along the wall. Although, one will move well in advances of this date if the condition isn't organized for the inauguration. Women, led by a khoa sang – the feminine head of the matrilineal family are the primary ones licensed on walk on the new floor. They carry with them water and a hearth so as to present coolness and warmth to the new house. It's an Ede thanks to want happiness on the members of the new house.

Festivals: Festivals are celebrated in the course of the last month of the lunar year, once the harvest time. When the pageant of the new rice, h’ma ngat, it's the pageant mnam thun, in honor of an abundant crop. it's the most important of the year, with wealthy individuals killing a buffalo or an ox as an giving, and others giving a pig or poultry. The most significant is Ae Die and Ae Du, the Creator, followed by the spirit of rice, yang mdie, and others. The Ede are animists. The agricultural spirit is that the smart spirits, whereas thunder, lightning, whirlwinds, tempests, and floods are the unhealthy spirits. There are rituals that follow the course of a person’s life, rites that raise for happiness and health. There are the additional rites, and particularly those with the sacrifice of the many buffaloes and oxen and nice quantities of jars (for the fermentation of alcohol), in addition, the organizer are held in esteem by the villagers.

Calendar: The standard agricultural calendar is mounted to the evolution of the moon. The 12-month year is split into nine periods love the nine steps of agricultural work: clearing the fields, burning the vegetation, turning over the soil, wedding…each month is comprised of thirty days.

Education: Apprenticeship to a trade or craft and therefore the dissemination, and oral transmission. Ede writing based mostly on Latin script created its look in 1923.

Artistic activities: The khan is a long epic poem that one recounts in vivid exclamations and illustrates with gestures. There are alternating songs, riddles, genealogical histories…Ede music is widely known by the ensemble of vi flat gongs, three gongs with projections, a gong for rhythm, and a drum. The gongs would never be absent from a pageant or a cultural activity. apart from the gongs, there are bamboo instruments and calabashes resembling those of alternative ethnic teams within the Tay Nguyen region, though they're distinctively Ede.

Entertainment: Kids like spinning prime, kite flying, and flute enjoying. Stilt-walking is enjoyed by several. Hide and obtain and lance or javelin throwing at a target also are currently enjoyed.

Source: wil-travel

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